December 21-23, 2015, Islamabad

Keynote Speakers

Title: Microgrid: A new hub in Smart Energy Infrastructure

Abstract:
Microgrids represent small-scale version of centralized electric power systems which are established by communities within larger power systems. Microgrids achieve specific goals pertaining to distributed power systems which include higher reliability and fewer outages, higher resilience with self-healing capabilities, higher sustainability with more diversification of energy resources, a more comprehensive control of wireless devices for managing the cyber security, and higher energy efficiency and lower operating costs.

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Shahidehpour
IEEE Fellow
Bodine Chair Professor, ECE
Director of the Robert W. Galvin Center for Electricity Innovation
Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, USA
Microgrids provide a more robust control of integrated renewable resources at the community level and allow customer participations in the operation of an electricity infrastructure. Microgrids form the building blocks of perfect power systems which promote the use of real-time pricing and demand response for optimizing the distributed control of electric power systems. This presentation will highlight some of the key issues in the design and the operation of microgrids and discuss the role of recent innovations and, in particular, the significance of smart grid applications to power system operations and control. The presentation will also discuss the design and the operation of a hybrid AC/DC nanogrid, and a green data center, which are sponsored by various U.S. funding agencies and implemented at Illinois Institute of Technology.

Speaker Biography:
Dr. Mohammad Shahidehpour (IEEE Fellow) is the Bodine Chair Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and Director of the Robert W. Galvin Center for Electricity Innovation at IIT. He is also the Principal Investigator of over $60 million grants on smart grid research and development. His DOE Project on Perfect Power Systems has converted the entire IIT Campus to an islanded microgrid. He has recently initiated CSMART (Center for Smart Grid Applications, Research, and Technology) at IIT for promoting the smart grid cybersecurity research and implementation and enhancing the resilience of wireless networked communication and control systems in smart cities. He is the 2009 recipient of the honorary doctorate from the Polytechnic University of Bucharest. He is currently a Research Professor at King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia), Sharif University of Technology (Iran), as well as several universities in China including Tsinghua University, Xian Jiaotong University, Nanjing University, North China Electric Power University, and Hunan University. He was the recipient of the IEEE Burke Hayes Award for his research on hydrokinetics, the Edison Electric Institute’s Power Engineering Educator Award, the Innovation Award from the Association of Electrical Engineering Department Heads, and the IEEE/PES Outstanding Power Engineering Educator Award in 2012. He has co-authored 6 books and 450 papers on electric power system operation and planning, and served as the founding Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. Dr. Shahidehpour was a member of the United Nations Commission on Microgrid Studies. His SPIKE initiative, which is established in conjunction with the School of Business at IIT, is facilitating the design and the implementation of affordable microgrids in impoverished nations.
 

Title: Nano-photonics-enabled sustainable glass greenhouses

Abstract
The continual increase in world population and the limitations of conventional agricultural practices demand new cost-effective, safe, secure and sustainable food production approaches and facilities. Transparent solar glass greenhouses, incorporating innovative energy-harvesting, water sanitising, nutrient recycling and microclimate control technologies, can significantly increase crop yields and quality whilst reducing energy, water and agrochemical requirements.

Prof. Dr. Kamal Alameh
Electron Science Research Institute,
Edith Cowan University, Australia
We present a novel glass greenhouse structure employing glass panels that comprise spectrally-selective optical structures and inorganic nano-particles incorporated into a polyvinyl butyral (PVB) interlayer fixed between two glass panes. The glass panels allow visible light transmission to pass through the glass while routing Ultraviolet (UV) and Infrared (IR) components of sunlight to the edges of the glass, where they are collected by small-size Photo Voltaic (PV) cells to produce electricity. High insulation properties are achieved in comparison with conventional glass greenhouses, potentially allowing more than 50% savings in energy.

Title: Statistics of bit-rate/wavelength in transparent optical networks: a transmission-layer-aware analysis

Abstract:
The merit of physical layer parameters on ultimate performances of uncompensated DWDM long-haul point-to-point (PTP) links has been widely studied over the last years. While, as far as transparent and reconfigurable optical networks (ONs) are concerned, no similar analyses exist. To this purpose, we propose a method to estimate the probability density function for the average bit-rate/wavelength the network may deliver at full spectral load, given the network topology and transmission level description. We propose to use the mean value of this statistical parameter as a figure of merit for physical parameters at network level.

Prof. Dr. Vittorio Curri
DET, Politecnico di Torino,
Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129,
Torino, Italy
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Title: The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications and Prospects

Abstract
In recent years, the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) is gaining momentum due to the development of the wireless networking, embedded systems and sensor technologies. The concept of IoT can be associated with multiple research areas such as home area networks, smart buildings, smart cities, smart healthcare services, and so forth.

Prof. Dr. Muhammad T Anan
Vice Dean of Academic & Student Affairs Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia
Many other applications are expected to be integrated into our society and support our daily life in the near future. The aim of this keynote speech is to introduce the attendees to IoT technologies, applications, machine type communications (M2M), protocols, describe some research initiatives and direction, and discuss how the research community can shape the future IoT. The speaker will be sharing with the audience his experience in developing IoT-based research and applications.

Speaker Biography
Dr. Muhammad T Anan is a Vice Dean of Academic and Student Affairs, and an Associate Professor of Software Engineering at Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Engineering and Telecommunications Networking from the University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA, in 2008. He obtained a M.S. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of Missouri-Columbia, USA, and a M.S. degree in Software Engineering from Kansas University, USA, in 1999 and 2003, respectively. Dr. Anan obtained his B.S. degree in Computer Engineering form King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia


Invited Speakers

Title: Medical Image Compression

Abstract
Image compression aims to minimize the size of graphical files. Image compression may be lossy or lossless. While lossy image compression techniques yields very high compression ratio, due to compression artifacts, it may not be a preferred method for certain image applications, such as medical and satellite images. For archival purposes of this type of images, lossless compression is the preferred technique. There are several different ways to compress an image file. Some of the most widely used methods are JPEG based techniques, such as JPEG-LS and JPEG-2000.

Prof. Dr. Ziya Arnavut
Chair, Department of Computer Science
SUNY Fredonia, USA
Due to the fact that medical imagining cannot utilize lossy compression, in the event that vital information may be lost, it is imperative that lossless compression be used. In this talk, we present a new lossless compression technique for medical images: the Burrows-Wheeler Transformation with an Inversion Coder (BWIC). We show that BWIC runs in linear time and yields better compression rates than well-known image coders, such as JPEG-LS and JPEG-2000.

Speaker Biography:
Dr. Ziya Arnavut received his BS degree in applied mathematics from the Ege University, Turkey, in 1983, his MS degree from the University of Miami in 1987, and his PhD degree in computer science from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, in 1995. During 1996 and 1997, he was a research analyst with the Remote Sensing Lab at the University of Nebraska, Omaha.

Since August 1997, he has been with the State University of New York (SUNY), Fredonia, where he is a professor and chair of the Computer and Information Sciences Department. His research interests are data compression, algorithms, image processing, and remote sensing.

Dr. Arnavut has served on the editorial board of the Elsevier Computers and Electrical Engineering (CEE) Journal since 2008. In 2011, he was named Top Associate Editor. He served as a guest editor for both Image Processing (2012), and Enabling Technologies for Networked-based Applications (2015), issues of CEE journal.

Dr. Arnavut co-chaired the ICCSCCW 2009 (Fifth International Conference on Soft Computing, Computing with Words and Perceptions in System Analysis, Decision and Control), held in Famagusta, Cyprus. He chaired HONET (High-Capacity Optical Networks and Emerging/Enabling Technologies) 2012 and 2013, and co-chaired HONET 2014 and HONET 2015 conferences, which were held in Istanbul (Turkey), Famagusta (Cyprus), Charlotte, NC (USA), and Islamabad (Pakistan), respectively.

In 2015, Dr. Arnavut was awarded with the Kasling Lecturer Award, which is given to a distinguished faculty member of State University of New York at Fredonia whose scholarly excellence has enhanced the reputation of the university.

Dr. Arnavut is a member of IEEE Computer Society.

Title: Design and Optimization of Novel Silicon Photonic Devices

Abstract
Following the advent of photonics in 1960s, now it has sufficiently matured in the last 50 years and recently EU has identified it as one of the five Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) in the Horizon 2020 research funding programme. The revolution of semiconductor technology was only possible due to continuous miniaturization and in the development of the VLSI. On the other hand, development of similar photonic integrated circuit (PIC) or integration has been rather modest.

Prof. Dr. B M A Rahman
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
City University London, UK.
In this regard, silicon has recently been identified as the material of choice as the low-cost and mature CMOS fabrication technology widely used in the electronics industry can be exploited. The high index contrast of silicon will also allow light confinement in submicron size waveguides, along with the creation of very compact bends, which will allow increased functionality and reliability of PICs.

When the dimensions of an optical waveguide are much smaller than the operating wavelength, unique materials and structural dependent properties can be observed and these recently have been receiving much attention. Novel slot waveguides is emerging as a unique type of waveguide where light can be confined in the void or a low-index region and opened up novel concepts of active photonic devices and sensors.

However, strong spatial field variation and high field at the dielectric interface demands a full-vectorial approach must be used. A rigorous H-field based full-vectorial modal analysis approach has been developed, which can more accurately characterize the abrupt dielectric discontinuity of a high index contrast optical waveguide. Additionally, the full-vectorial least square boundary residual method has been used to characterize these photonic devices.

The modal solutions of silicon nanowires and vertical and horizontal slot waveguides will be presented. Rigorous design optimization of silicon power splitters, mode splitters, polarization splitters, polarization rotators, and spot-size converters will also be presented. Design optimization of vertical and horizontal slot waveguides will be shown and their applications in the development of novel bio-sensors.

Title: Load Balancing and Its Applications

Abstract
The importance of load balancing in parallel systems and applications is widely recognized. Load balancing is dividing the amount of work that a computer has to do between two or more computers so that more work gets done in the same amount of time and, in general, all users get served faster. Load balancing can be implemented with hardware, software, or a combination of both. On symmetric multiprocessing systems, it is important to keep the workload balanced among all processors to fully utilize the benefits of having more than one CPU. There are two general approaches to load balancing: Push Migration and Pull Migration The current design of load balancing mechanisms incorporates assumptions about the workload behavior.

Prof. Dr. Sahar Idwan
Assiciate Dean, AURAK, UAE

Prof. Dr Junaid Zubairi
Department of Computer Science
State Univeristy of New York at Fredonia, NY, USA
Load balancing allows you to enjoy high application performance whatever the network traffic and is essential for business-critical applications such as production web servers, centralized enterprise applications or mass disaster management applications.

We have extended the concept of load balancing to the patient management in disaster situations. The design and working of a patient load balancing system is described to augment the automated process of patient handling in mass disasters involving scores of injured victims. The MEDTOC system developed earlier is augmented to handle the larger scope of disasters resulting from mass casualty events. This load balancing system can be deployed urgently if the scope of the disaster is larger than estimated initially. The load balancing system starts processing when a large number of patients have been assigned to area hospitals and some hospitals have become overloaded. This system assigns values to patients based on their trauma condition and moves the selected patients between hospitals until all the hospitals have stabilized. The system is implemented on a simulated disaster and results are presented. The results show improvement in the load conditions of hospitals.

Title: Big Data Based Recommendation Approaches for Healthcare

Abstract
Recommender systems have attained widespread acceptance and have attracted the increased attention by the masses for over a decade. Recommender systems alleviate the complexities of products and services selection tasks and are meant to overcome the issues of information overload. Just like the recommender systems’ prospects in e-commerce and several other business domains recommender systems have also been developed to offer recommendations about healthcare services and products. Considering the high volumes and dimensionality of healthcare data, utilization of efficient techniques to manage the big data is inevitable.
Khan
Dr. Samee U. Khan
Electrical and Computer Engineering,
North Dakota State University,
Fargo, ND, USA
In this talk, we describe the need and rationale for using the big data enabled techniques for healthcare data. As case studies, we will detail our work on developing recommendation systems for: (a) health insurance products recommendation, (b) health expert recommendation from social media, (c) identification of influential doctors from Twitter, and (d) disease risk assessment services. During the discussion on the cases studies, we will discuss the following issues that are particular to the recommender systems: (a) cold start, (b) long-tail problem, and (c) scalability.

Speaker Biography
Samee U. Khan received a BS degree in 1999 from Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi, Pakistan, and a PhD in 2007 from the University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA. Currently, he is Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA. Prof. Khan’s research interests include optimization, robustness, and security of: cloud, grid, cluster and big data computing, social networks, wired and wireless networks, power systems, smart grids, and optical networks. His work has appeared in over 300 publications. He is on the editorial boards of leading journals, such as IEEE Access, IEEE Cloud Computing, IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, and IEEE IT Pro. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET, formerly IEE), and a Fellow of the British Computer Society (BCS). He is an ACM Distinguished Lecturer, a member of the ACM, and a Senior Member of the IEEE.

Title: Standalone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems for Disasters and Remote Areas

Disasters are now part of everyday life impacting every region of the world in increasing number and severity. When a serious disaster strikes, local electrical power in most cases is the first utility to be affected at least temporarily. Disruption of electricity can last for weeks on end as transmission lines are repaired causing deaths from failed medical equipment, heat or cold, and lack of amenities for sustaining everyday living. In the aftermath of the disasters standalone photovoltaic system has the potential to help bring natural, reliable power to places devastated by these events. The use of diesel –powered engines commonly used to provide emergency power unfortunately can be dangerous in the hands of untrained users and is reported to have incidents of fire, fuel explosion, burns and problems of noise. Qazi
Prof Dr Salahuddin Qazi
Professor Emeritus
State University of New York (SUNY)
Polytechnic Institute
Utica, NY, USA
Generating electricity from solar energy through the process of photovoltaic can be used to heat, cool, and light our homes and businesses. It also helps to reduce consumption of fossil fuels in power plants, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions causing climate change.

Standalone PV systems can also be used for more than a billion people living in remote locations with no access to electricity. According to a recent statistic, roughly one out of every four people (about 1.6
Billion) in the world do not have regular access to electricity. Because of the lack of electricity, billions of people use wood, biomass or dung for cooking and heating their homes. Such a traditional method of generating energy results in serious environmental and health problems, including massive deforestation, sickness and death. Photovoltaic can generate clean and sust ainable electricity in remote areas which can improve health, provide cleaner environment and help in boosting agriculture, starting new businesses, and creating jobs that lead to greener economic development.

To increase the affordability of solar generated electricity and enhance the resilience of grid, community solar gardens and solar micrgrids have become an important technology. Community solar gardens allow low –income people to "own" a portion of the energy from a solar electric generating facility operated by an electric utility or other entity. The energy is credited toward their electricity bill similar to what would happen if low-income people installed solar panels on their roof or property. Solar microgrid is an autonomous system which operate independently and can also be connected to the grid at the time of power outages. It provides backup power even if the grid is not restored. The community solar and solar microgrid aim to make PV generated electricity affordable for low income people and grid more “resilient” by providing backup power to keep the lights on when a weather related disaster brings down the grid.

The purpose of this talk is to review the challenges and potential of these technologies in the context of their relevance for Pakistan.

Speaker Biography:
Salahuddin Qazi holds a Ph.D., degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Technology, Loughborough, England, U.K. He is currently a Professor Emeritus and past chair in the School of Information Systems and Engineering Technology at the SUNY Institute of Technology, Utica, New York. Dr. Qazi is currently writing a book on PV systems for disaster and remote areas and has published several articles, book chapters in the area of fiber doped amplifiers, wireless security, nanotechnology for photovoltaics and MEMS based wireless communications. He has co-authored a book on “Nanotechnology for Telecommunications” and a handbook of research on “Solar Energy Systems and Technologies.”

Dr. Qazi has participated as an invited speaker and presenter in several international conferences and workshops. He was a CO-PI for the US-Pakistan conference on “High Capacity Optical Networking and Enabling Technology,” (HONET) for three years, which was jointly supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) of USA and the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan. He is recipient of several awards including the William Goddel award for research creativity at SUNYIT and engineering professionalism by Mohawk Valley Engineering Executive Committee, and forging closer relations with the IEEE Mohawk Valley section. He has worked, conducted research and taught for over forty y ears in the UK, Middle East, and USA. Dr. Qazi is a senior life member of IEEE and a member of American Society of Engineering Education.
 

Title: Potential of Renewable Energy in Pakistan

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country of the world comprising 2.56% of the total global population. However, it ranks 37th in the energy consumption, at 0.37% of the world total. The per capita energy availability is only 51 watts, which is 1/ 7th of the world average. On the other hand, the country is rich in renewable energy sources and has vast potential for their exploitation. The total hydel power potential exceeds 100 GW, Solar power 2900 GW, wind power 120 GW and biomass 2.3 GW. Qazi
Dr. Suhail Zaki Farooqui
Director General
Pakistan council of Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET)
Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET) is the premier organization of Pakistan, dedicated to the promotion and dissemination of these technologies for the socio-economic uplift of the country and climate change mitigation strategies. The organization, in its current form is active since 2001. It introduced a number of new technologies in the country to promote the energy related clean and alternate solutions for the general public. PCRET, with its very limited funds, installed 4600 biogas plants, 560 micro-hydro power plants, 155 wind turbines, 520 solar power systems, 25 solar dehydrators, 500 solar water purifiers and 5000 solar cookers, under the various PSDP projects, to trigger the penetration of these technologies in the entire country. However, there is much more to be done, as the potential for the dissemination of these and other related technologies is much higher than achieved so far, in Pakistan. For example, 15 million biogas plants, 30,000 megawatt capacity micro-hydro power plants, 10 million solar water purifiers and 20 million solar cookers can be installed/ distributed throughout Pakistan. Materialization of these installations can revolutionize the way energy is utilized in Pakistan and can have an annual impact of hundreds of billions of rupees on the national economy, besides creating job opportunities for hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis.
Speaker Biography:
Dr. Suhail Zaki Farooqui is the Director General of Pakistan council of Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET). He has a PhD in Computational Physics, University of Texas at Austin, USA. He has an industry and academia experience over 30 years. He holds 10 patents and has authored over 50 research papers.
For scheduling information please see the Program


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